[En febrero 2011 la populación de Libia se sublevó contra más de 40 años de dictadura Gaddafi.]

Noticias : África :: LIBIA


Al Qaeda leader seized in Libya was on FBI's 'most wanted' list

The man whisked off the streets of Tripoli, Libya, Saturday was among the top remaining leaders of al Qaeda, an elusive confidant of Osama bin Laden, as well as an alleged conspirator in the 1998 East Africa embassy bombings.
Anas al Libi, whose real name is Nazih Abdul-Hamed Nabih al-Ruqai'I, has over the years been reported as killed, captured or living in Iran.
But the U.S. has known he's been back in his native Libya for more than two years, the latest stop on a journey that has taken him from Tripoli to Sudan, where he met bin Laden, to England, Kenya, Afghanistan and Iran.

... more in MNSBC - BBC - AlJazeera


U.S. Ambassador Chris Stevens killed in Libya and 3 other members of the diplomatic delegation

Sister of U.S. Ambassador killed in Libya speaks.
Hilary Stevens, sister of Christopher Stevens, the U.S. Ambassador to Libya who died Tuesday during an attack on the U.S. consulate in Benghazi. In an interview with Rock Center Anchor Brian Williams, Stevens reflects on her brother’s legacy and work.

...more in MNSBC - The Guardian - BBC - AlJazeera - The New York Times

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Libyan authorities give Islamist militia two days to leave their bases: Officials seek to exploit wave of people power after gunmen flee angry crowds in Benghazi ... [+]

Gaddafi's brother-in-law and his spy chief criminal Abdullah al-Senussi held in Mauritania

The Libyan authorities have confirmed the arrest in Mauritania of former Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi's intelligence chief.
Mauritanian security officials said Abdullah al-Senussi was detained at Nouakchott airport.
Senussi, 63, was Gaddafi's brother-in-law, and has been described as one of his most trusted aides.
He fled Libya when Gaddafi was ousted and killed last year after an uprising and months of fighting.
The International Criminal Court (ICC) issued a warrant for his arrest last year for crimes against humanity.
France said the arrest was carried out in a joint operation between French and Mauritanian authorities, and President Nicolas Sarkozy said he would request Senussi's extradition.
A French court convicted the former spy chief of involvement in a 1989 attack on a French plane that killed 170 people, and sentenced him to life in prison.
But Libyan authorities are also demanding his extradition.
Mauritania has not signed the ICC's statute, and it is unclear what the country intends to do with Senussi.

...more in the BBC - The Guardian - AlJazeera - La Repubblica

The long road to Tripoli

When Libyans rose up against the 42-year dictatorial rule of Muammar Gaddafi, those exiled abroad faced questions about their identity and role. We follow a group of Libyan exiles as they sacrifice everything to return home for the final assault on Tripoli.

...more in AlJazeera

Libya marks anniversary of revolt which ousted Gaddafi

Celebrations are planned in towns and cities across the country and have been under way for days in the eastern city of Benghazi, where the revolt began.
But the anniversary comes amid fears of continuing instability.
Hundreds of militias are roaming the country unimpeded and observers point to an institutional void in Libya.
Libyan interim leader Mustafa Abdul Jalil on Thursday vowed a tough response to anyone who threatened national security during Friday's celebrations.
Tripoli resident Naima Misrati told AFP news agency she was celebrating the freedom the revolution had brought her.
"I have no words to describe my happiness. There is joy everywhere in Tripoli," she said.
A resident in Tripoli described the moment rebels swept into the city in August 2011
In a TV address on the eve of the anniversary, Mr Abdul Jalil insisted his government had "opened our arms to all Libyans, whether they supported the revolution or not".
"But this tolerance does not mean we are incapable of dealing with the stability of our country," he warned.
"We will be tough towards people who threaten our stability. The thuwwar [brigades of former rebel fighters] are ready to respond to any attack aimed at destabilising" the country," Mr Abdul Jalil said.

... more in the BBC - Al Jazeera - The Guardian - The Telegraph -



Gaddafi's intelligence chief captured in southern desert
Abdullah al-Senussi caught two days after Saif al-Islam Gaddafi's arrest by militia fighters

Libya's interim authorities have captured the last totem of the Gaddafi regime, seizing former intelligence chief Abdullah al-Senussi in the southern desert near to where Saif al-Islam Gaddafi was apprehended two days earlier.
Militia units surrounded a house where Senussi was holed up, near the town of Birak. The arrest means that all leading figures from the Gaddafi regime have now either been killed, captured or driven into exile. Senussi was the henchman of the Gaddafi regime, "the executioner", according to Luis Moreno Ocampo, prosecutor at the international criminal court.
Both Senussi and Saif al-Islam have been indicted by the ICC on war crimes charges for their role in the bloody suppression of anti-government protests this year. But after they trumpeted his capture, Libyan officials said Saif al-Islam would not be handed over to the Hague court, but tried at home. The charges against him could carry a death penalty.
The National Transition Council's spokesman, Mahmoud Shamman, said Libya's interim government would inform the ICC of its decision next week.
Ocampo, is expected to visit Tripoli on Monday. He will urge Libya's rulers that any trial of Saif al-Islam should be carried out in full accordance with international norms.
Speaking to the Associated Press, Shamman said it was wholly appropriate that Gaddafi's son and one-time heir receives justice within his country since it was here he "committed crimes against the Libyan people".
But it remains unclear whether Saif al-Islam's captors based in the western mountains would agree to hand over Gaddafi's favourite son to the authorities in Tripoli. Libya's prime minister, Abdurrahim al-Keib, is about to announce a new cabinet.
Saif al-Islam is the ultimate bargaining chip for Zintan, keen to secure maximum influence in the new government above other regional claimants.
"We can try him, it will not take too long, we don't need any new laws," said Omran Eturki, leader of Zintan council, referring to questions over Libya's current legal limbo. "They are Zintanis who captured him so they will have to have him here.

...more in The Guardian - AlJazeera - BBC - El Mundo - La Repubblica - France 24

Lybia captures dictator son Saif-al-Islam trying to escape to Nigeria

Libya's prime minister has promised a fair trial for Saif al-Islam Gaddafi, the influential son of former leader Muammar Gaddafi, following his capture in the southern desert town of Obari.
In the first official announcement of Saif al-Islam's capture late on Saturday, Abdurrahim El-Keib said he thought the capture would "turn the page on the phase of revolution".
El-Keib also said it would "mark the beginning of the building of a state of freedom, law, justice and transparency". Click here for more of Al Jazeera's special coverage
"I want to assure our people and all nations of the world that Saif and those with him will be given a fair trial, with the guarantees of local and international law," he told a news conference in the Western mountain town of Zintan, where Saif al-Islam and several bodyguards had been taken.
Once considered the favourite to succeed his late father, Saif was arrested by fighters from Zintan, who make up one of Libya's most powerful armed factions. They said they would hold him until they could hand him over to authorities.
Along with his father and Abdullah Senoussi, Libya's former intelligence chief who remains at large, Saif al-Islam was indicted by the International Criminal Court (ICC) in June on crimes against humanity charges relating to the Gaddafi regime's efforts to put down the uprising.
But Saif al-Islam told his captors on Saturday he didn't recognise the ICC.
Al Jazeera's Anita McNaught, reporting from Zintan, said: "Libya's prime minister is confident Libya has the means of providing a fair hearing for Saif al-Islam".
"Libyans are pretty clear: Saif is their citizen and he committed alleged crimes in Libya, so they want a trial in Libya," said our reporter.

...more in AlJazeera - BBC - MSNBC - The Telegraph - The Guardian - El Pais - El Mundo - La Repubblica - Die Welt - France 24 - Le Figaro - Le Monde
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Gadhafi caught hiding like a 'rat' in drainage tunnel. Lybia free at last!
French airstrike halts convoy, then new government's fighters catches up with deposed dictator

Moammar Gadhafi called the rebels who rose up against his 42-years of one-man rule "rats," but in the end it was he who was captured cowering in a drainage pipe full of rubbish and filth.
"He called us rats, but look where we found him," said Ahmed Al Sahati, a 27-year-old government fighter, standing next to two stinking drainage pipes under a six-lane highway.
Government fighters, video evidence and the scenes of sheer carnage nearby told the story of the dictator's final hours.
Shortly before dawn prayers on Thursday, Gadhafi surrounded by a few dozen loyal bodyguards and accompanied by the head of his now non-existent army Abu Bakr Younis Jabr broke out of the two-month siege of Sirte and made a break for the west.
But they did not get far.
NATO said its aircraft struck military vehicles belonging to pro-Gadhafi forces near Sirte at about 8:30 a.m. (0630 GMT) on Thursday, but the alliance said it was unsure whether the strikes had killed Gadhafi. French Defense Minister Gerard Longuet said an attack by a French aircraft had brought Gadhafi's convoy to a halt.

...more in Al Jazeera - BBC - The Guardian - El Mundo - VozPopuli - France 24 - La Repubblica - Die Welt - El Confidencial - MSNBC

The sadism of the Gadhafi gang
A nunny torture because she refused to beat a Gadhafi child

The badly burned former nanny of two of Moammar Gadhafi's grandchildren was receiving medical treatment Tuesday in the burn unit of a Tripoli hospital.
Shwygar Mullah says the wife of Gadhafi's son Hannibal poured boiling water on her for failing to keep a child quiet.
She is being treated with antibiotics for an infection. Her burns are dressed.
CNN first met Mullah on Sunday while visiting the luxurious former home of Hannibal Gadhafi.
As a CNN crew was about to leave, one of the staff members mentioned a nanny who worked for Hannibal Gadhafi. He said that Hannibal's wife, Aline, had burned the nanny.
At first it looked as though the nanny was wearing a hat and something over her face. Then the crew realized that her scalp and face were covered in red wounds and scabs, a mosaic of injuries that rendered her face into a grotesque patchwork.
Even though the burns were inflicted three months ago, she clearly was still in considerable pain, but she told her story calmly.

...more in CNN
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Secret files: US officials aided Gaddafi: Al Jazeera uncovers evidence that influential Americans tried to help the now-deposed Libyan leader cling to power.
...I managed to smuggle away some documents, among them some that indicate the Gaddafi regime, despite its constant anti-American rhetoric – maintained direct communications with influential figures in the US.
I found what appeared to be the minutes of a meeting between senior Libyan officials – Abubakr Alzleitny and Mohammed Ahmed Ismail – and David Welch, former assistant secretary of state under George W Bush. Welch was the man who brokered the deal to restore diplomatic relations between the US and Libya in 2008. ...

How MI6 deal sent family to Gaddafi's jail, wife and children were 'rendered' before Tony Blair visit

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Video: Graeme Smith on exposing Libya's state secrets
Los 'papeles' de Trípoli: China, Reino Unido y EE UU tenían una estrecha relación con Gadafi
Libya’s Abu Salim prison holds haunting secrets of Gadhafi’s regime
China confirms Globe report Gadhafi officials visited country to buy arms

Gadhafi family flees to corrupt and dictatorial Algeria

Members of Moammar Gadhafi's family have entered Algeria, Algeria's state news agency said Monday, but the whereabouts of the ousted Libyan leader were unknown. Libyan rebels claimed to have killed one of his sons.
The report by APS news agency cited Algeria's Foreign Affairs Ministry as saying Gadhafi's wife Safia, his sons Mohammed and Hannibal, and his daughter Safia entered the neighboring country on Monday. It did not immediately provide additional details or say whether Gadhafi himself was with the family.
The Egyptian news agency MENA, quoting unidentified rebel fighters, had reported from Tripoli over the weekend that six armored Mercedes sedans, possibly carrying Gadhafi's sons or other top regime figures, had crossed the border at the southwestern Libyan town of Ghadamis into Algeria. Algeria's Foreign Ministry had denied that report.
Libya's de facto government said it considers Algeria's apparent sheltering of members of Gadhafi's family an act of aggression and will seek their extradition.
"We have promised to provide a just trial to all those criminals and therefore we consider this an act of aggression,'' Mahmoud Shamman, a National Transitional Council spokesman, told Reuters.
"We are warning anybody not to shelter Gadhafi and his sons. We are going after them in any place to find them and arrest them,'' he said.

...more in MSNBC - BBC - Al Jazeera - France 24 - El Mundo - The Guardian - The Independent - The Telegraph

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New evidence of atrocities by Gaddafi's forces

Al Jazeera correspondent finds evidence of 'mass execution' in Tripoli by Gaddafi forces.

Al Jazeera has found evidence of a possible mass execution of political activists in Libya.
Visiting a hospital in Tripoli on Thursday, Al Jazeera's James Bays said he saw the bodies of 15 men suspected to have been killed a few days earlier as the rebels closed in on the Libyan capital.
"The smell here is overpowering," Bays said from the hospital where a number of bodies lay.
"I have counted the bodies of 15 men, we were told there were 17 here. Two bodies were taken away by relatives for burial."
"We are told these men were political activists who have been arrested over the last few days and weeks and being held near the Gaddafi compound. When the opposition fighters started to enter the compound we are told they were killed.
"Everyone I have spoken to who has looked at these injuries, all the medical staff, they say they believe that the injuries they see on the bodies of these men have the hallmark of a mass execution."
Bays said there were no forensic scientists at the hospital. Doctors there had taken photos of the exit and entry wounds on the bodies, with the intention of showing it to an expert at a later stage.

...more in Al Jazeera - BBC

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Gaddafi compound reveals dictator's taste for bling - and Condoleezza Rice: Bab al-Aziziya ruled by 'bigger, better and with more gold on' interior design principle beloved of other deposed despots...
Gaddafi's desperate bid to save regime revealed: Secret documents detail clandestine lobbying of Nato, Congressman Kucinich and even President Obama following fear of full-scale US invasion

People's Joy as democratic civic forces enter Tripoli.

A convoy of Libyan rebels has rolled into central Tripoli past celebrating crowds after a day of heavy fighting in and around the capital.
Crowds on Green Square cheered them, waving flags and firing salutes.

President Obama said the Gaddafi regime had reached a "tipping point". The UK said the end was near for the Libyan leader, and urged him to go.
The rebels reportedly captured Col Gaddafi's son Saif al-Islam, as the colonel himself vowed to fight on.
International Criminal Court prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo said he had been informed of the arrest. The court has indicted Saif al-Islam for torturing and killing civilians.
Another of Col Gaddafi's sons, Muhammad, was speaking on the phone to al-Jazeera TV when he said the rebels were surrounding his home. Gunfire was heard before the line cut off.
Fighting has continued overnight in some districts while the rebels and their supporters have been celebrating on Green Square - which they renamed Martyrs' Square.
Government forces still control parts of the city - including the areas around Col Gaddafi's Bab al-Azizia compound and near the hotel where foreign journalists are staying, south of the city centre.
The Libyan leader is believed to have thousands of armed followers in the capital although reports suggest a number of them have surrendered to the rebels.
The chairman of the rebel National Transition Council Mustafa Mohammed Abdul Jalil said early on Monday: "I warn you, there are still pockets of resistance in and around Tripoli."

...more in BBC - Al Jazeera - The Guardian - France 24 - Liberation - La Repubblica - El Mundo - Publico - The Telegraph - RTVE - The Independent - MSNBC

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Live Libya Blog in Al Jazeera - Reporting Live from Libya in the BBC
Clegg vows to avoid Iraq errors when Gaddafi falls

Defiant Saif al-Islam Gaddafi reappears for a few minutes before dawn at a hotel for international journalists: He turned up in a government vehicle at a hotel held by loyalists, a day after the rebels said they had detained him... more in The Guardian - BBC - Al Jazeera - France 24 - Publico - ABC - La Repubblica

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Robert Fisk: How long before the dominoes fall?
Gaddafi: a vicious, sinister despot driven out on tidal wave of hatred: Despite his absurd, buffoonish persona, the Libya leader clung to power for four brutal decades

Libya archive reveals pictorial history of Gaddafi's brutal reign - video

A human rights team reveals a huge archive of footage and images detailing Muammar Gaddafi's brutal reign over Libya, not least the infamous showtrial and public hanging of Sadiq Hamed Shwehdi, witnessed by thousands of pupils herded into Benghazi's basketball stadium to watch in 1984
Muammar Gaddafi had already ruled Libya for 15 years in June 1984 and he had a fearsome reputation for brutality towards his enemies. But the grim scene that unfolded in the eastern city of Benghazi was a spectacular first even for him.
It was blazing hot day. Thousands of schoolchildren and students were bussed into Benghazi's basketball stadium, where they saw a frightened young man with curly hair and beard, kneeling with his hands bound behind his back, pleading for his life before people's prosecutors.
Sadiq Hamid Shwehdi, 30, was accused of plotting to assassinate the leader of the revolution. The court described him as "a terrorist from the Muslim Brotherhood, an agent of America".
In this grainy, recently rediscovered film, Shwehdi is seen alone in the centre of the stadium, sobbing as he confesses to his crime of joining the "stray dogs" – in the chilling terminology of the regime – before being sentenced to death.
...more in The Guardian - Live Blog on Lybia in Al Jazeera

How a dictator megalomania turns stupid their fearful people.
Inside Story: Gaddafi goes back to school.

The conflict in Libya has approached a stalemate. The opposing armies continue to move back and forth along the coastal road, capturing and relinquishing the same territory in an increasingly futile military ebb and flow.
NATO's intervention has been unable to resolve the issue, and the African Union's (AU) attempt to broker a deal was similarly inconclusive.
AU leaders arrived in Benghazi on Monday to be greeted by a hostile crowd unwilling to even hear the peace plan on offer.
The proposal failed to indicate whether Gaddafi himself would be required to step down, nor was it binding but AU leaders hoped it would make a difference.
So the people of Libya are left to endure a continuing war of attrition - one that will only be resolved when one side or the other has a change of heart and mind.
Inside Story, takes a step away from its usual format of discussion and analysis, taking you to the heart of this conflict, offering a small glimpse into mind of Muammar Gadaffi.
This episode shows a film of Libya's leader making a trip to a school in Tripoli. His visit took place on Saturday and was his first televised public appearance in five days.
Trying to look as relaxed as he could, even while surrounded by bodyguards, Gaddafi toured the school at a leisurely pace, listening to the children shouting anti-Western slogans and watching appreciativley as they chanted: "Only God, Muammar and Libya."

...more in Al Jazeera

Libya: A state of terror
As Gaddafi wages war against a popular uprising, Libyan exiles explain how terror has long been a tool of the regime.

On February 22, Muammar Gaddafi, the Libyan president, appears on Libyan state television - sharing his troubles with the world and declaring war on his people.
It began in Benghazi, with the police shooting two men at a rally demanding the release of a human rights lawyer.
Internet calls for a 'day of rage' take on the language of the recent Egyptian revolution, and as the men are buried, police open fire on the mourners. Furious crowds confront security forces and outrage spreads across Libya, demanding an end to Gaddafi's rule.
The state crackdown is gruesome, hundreds of Libyan's are killed, but the chant "the people want regime change" only gets louder, the will to remove Gaddafi stronger.
For the watching world, Gaddafi's cruel retaliation defies belief, but for Libyans, the danger inherent in speaking out is nothing new. It has become an inescapable part of their life.
For many Libyans, the uprising against Muammar Gaddafi is a watershed moment in a lifetime of fear, and for the generation of Libyan exiles the uprising revives memories of what they left behind.
Some have waited all their adult lives for the tide to change, and now dare to break their silence and anonymity for the first time.
Their stories of brutal measures to crush opponents echo the horrific accounts from Libya's civilian population today, as they endure Gaddafi's reprisals.

...more in Al Jazeera

The brutal dictatorship of mad Gaddafi

Matones de Gadafi agreden a una mujer que denunció ante periodistas internacionales ser violada.
Ella quería denunciar su situación: ser violada por 15 hombres durante dos días por defender una facción contraria a Gadafi. Para ello, acudió al hotel donde se aloja la mayor parte de la prensa internacional que cubre el conflicto desde Trípoli. Pero el enemigo siempre está más cerca y mientras la mujer comparecía ante los periodistas, matones del dictador bajo la careta de empleados del hotel se abalanzaron y agredieron no solo a la mujer sino a todo aquel que se interpuso en su camino.
La cadena de televisión Al Yazira mostró imágenes de los golpes, los empujones y la trifulca montada en torno a esta mujer que, llorando y mostrando sus cicatrices y moratones, aseguró que había sido detenida en un control por ser originaria de Bengasi y sometida a todo tipo de vejaciones por mercenarios del régimen del líder libio, Muamar el Gadafi.

... A weeping Libyan woman made a desperate plea for help on Saturday, slipping into a Tripoli hotel full of foreign journalists to show bruises and scars she said had been inflicted on her by Moammar Gadhafi's militiamen.
"Look at what Gadhafi's militias did to me," Eman al-Obaidi screamed with tears in her eyes, pulling up her coat to show blood on her upper leg in the restaurant of the hotel.
After being intimidated by security men and hotel staff, who also beat journalists trying to interview her, she was eventually bundled into a car and driven away.
Her face heavily bruised, she said she had been arrested at a checkpoint in Tripoli because she was from the city of Benghazi, bastion of the insurgency against Gadhafi's rule.

...more in MSNBC - Al Jazeera - El Mundo - The Guardian - The Independent - Financial Times - France 24 - Le Monde - Libération - New York Times -
Une jeune femme violée tente de témoigner devant les journalistes à Tripoli
Libyan rebels recapture Ajdabiya

Robert Fisk: Ottoman adventures hold lessons for our leaders

Mad dictator pretends people must love him, while 'Voice of Free Libya' battles Qaddafi on air and citizens brigades repeal attacks by mercenaries hired by the dictatorship

Government opponents in the Libyan city of Az Zawiyah have repulsed an attempt by forces loyal to Muammar Gaddafi to retake the city close to the capital, Tripoli, in six hours of fighting overnight, witnesses say.

Tuesday's claims follow reports that government forces attacked the city from the west and the east, and that fighter jets bombed an ammunition depot in the eastern city of Ajdabiya.
There was no word on casualties in Az Zawiyah, which is 50km west of Tripoli.
"We will not give up Az Zawiyah at any price,'' one witness said.
"We know it is significant strategically. They will fight to get it, but we will not give up. We managed to defeat them because our spirits are high and their spirits are zero."
The rebels, who include army forces who defected from the government, are armed with tanks, machine guns and anti-aircraft guns.
They fought back pro-Gaddafi troops who attacked from six directions using the same weapons.
...As rebel forces close in on Muammar Qaddafi, a band of radio colleagues who labored for years under complete media censorship have launched the "Voice of Free Libya" from Benghazi.

...more in Al Jazeera - MSNBC - The Christian Science Monitor - The Guardian - The Independent - France 24 - El Mundo - Publico
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libya17feb on Broadcast Live Free

President Obama, UN and Australia impose sanctions on mad dictator Gaddafi and freezes assets of all his familiy gang.

Most of Libya is out of control of the government, and Muammar Gaddafi's grip on power may soon be confined only to the capital, Tripoli, Libya's former interior minister has said.
General Abdul Fatteh Younis told Al Jazeera on Saturday that he had called upon Gaddafi to end his resistance to the uprising, although he does not expect him to do so.

The embattled Libyan regime passed out guns to civilian supporters, set up checkpoints and sent out armed patrols, witnesses said in Tripoli.
Some of Libya's security forces reportedly have given up the fight. Footage believed to be filmed on Friday showed soldiers joining the protesters.
The footage showed demonstrators carrying them on their shoulders in the city of Az Zawiyah after having defected -- a scene activists said is being repeated across the country.
Al Jazeera, however, is unable to independently verify the content of the video, which was obtained via social networking websites.
Our correspondent in Libya reported on Friday that army commanders in the east who had defected had told her that military commanders in the country's west were also beginning to turn against Gaddafi.
They warned, however, that the Khamis Brigade, an army special forces brigade that is loyal to the Gaddafi family and is equipped with sophisticated weapons, is currently still fighting anti-government forces.

Our correspondent, who cannot be named for security reasons, said that despite the gains, people are anxious about what Gaddafi might do next and also because his loyalists were still at large.
...Mustafa Mohamed Abud Ajleil, Libya's former justice minister, has led the formation of an interim government based in the eastern city of Benghazi, the online edition of the Quryna newspaper reported on Saturday.
Quryna quoted him as saying that Muammar Gaddafi "alone" bore responsibility "for the crimes that have occurred" in Libya and that his tribe, Gaddadfa, were forgiven.
"Abud Ajleil insisted on the unity of the homeland's territory, and that Libya is free and its capital is Tripoli," Quryna quoted him as saying in a telephone conversation.
Abu Yousef, a resident from the town of Tajoura, told Al Jazeera that live ammunition was being used against anti-government protesters.

...more in Al Jazeera - The Guardian - France 24 - The Independent - El Mundo - Publico - Le Monde - MSNBC - BBC - Die Spiegel - The New York Times
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Obama: Gaddafi must leave Libya now.
Libyan rebels take control of Zawiya city, west of Tripoli

Mad dictator Gadhafi to protesters: Al-Qaida is drugging your Nescafe.
Easch day dictator is more isolated as rebels seize cities and oilfields.

As clashes rage across the country, leader says militants are 'exploiting' teens, giving them 'hallucinogenic pills in their coffee'
...Muammar Gaddafi, the Libyan leader, has said in a speech on Libyan state television that al-Qaeda is responsible for the uprising in Libya.
"It is obvious now that this issue is run by al-Qaeda," he said, speaking by phone from an unspecified location on Thursday.
He said that the protesters were young people who were being manipulated by al-Qaeda's Osama bin Laden, and that many were doing so under the influence of drugs.
"No one above the age of 20 would actually take part in these events," he said. "They are taking advantage of the young age of these people [to commit violent acts] because they are not legally liable!"
At the same time, the leader warned that those behind the unrest would be prosecuted in the country's courts.
...Gaddafi argued that he was a purely "symbolic" leader with no real political power, comparing his role to that played by Queen Elizabeth II in England.

...more in Al Jazeera - The Guardian - Publico - France 24 - Le Monde
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Muamar Gadafi se suicidará como Hitler' y "ordenó" el atentado de Lockerbie.
Robert Fisk with the first dispatch from Tripoli - a city in the shadow of death:
Up to 15,000 men, women and children besieged Tripoli's international airport last night, shouting and screaming for seats on the few airliners still prepared to fly to Muammar Gaddafi's rump state, paying Libyan police bribe after bribe to reach the ticket desks in a rain-soaked mob of hungry, desperate families. Many were trampled as Libyan security men savagely beat those who pushed their way to the front.
Among them were Gaddafi's fellow Arabs, thousands of them Egyptians, some of whom had been living at the airport for two days without food or sanitation. The place stank of faeces and urine and fear. Yet a 45-minute visit into the city for a new airline ticket to another destination is the only chance to see Gaddafi's capital if you are a "dog" of the international press.
There was little sign of opposition to the Great Leader. Squads of young men with Kalashnikov rifles stood on the side roads next to barricades of upturned chairs and wooden doors. But these were pro-Gaddafi vigilantes – a faint echo of the armed Egyptian "neighbourhood guard" I saw in Cairo a month ago – and had pinned photographs of their leader's infamous Green Book to their checkpoint signs.
...more in The Independent

Dictator Gaddafi loses more Libyan cities.
Citizens wrest control of more cities as unrest sweeps African nation despite mad dictator's threat of crackdown.

Muammar Gaddafi, Libya's long-standing ruler, has reportedly lost control of more cities as anti-government protests continue to sweep the African nation despite his threat of a brutal crackdown.

Protesters in Misurata said on Wednesday they had wrested the western city from government control. In a statement on the internet, army officers stationed in the city pledged "total support for the protesters".

Much of the country's east also seemed to be in control of the protesters, and an Al Jazeera correspondent, reporting from the city of Tobruk, 140km from the Egyptian border, said there was no presence of security forces.
"From what I've seen, I'd say the people of eastern Libya are the ones in control", Hoda Abdel-Hamid, our correspondent, said.
She said there were no officials manning the border when the Al Jazeera team crossed into Libya

...more in Al Jazeera - MSNBC - BBC - The Guardian - The New York Times - El Mundo - La Repubblica - Die Spiegel - The Independent
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Robert Fisk: Gaddafi raved and cursed, but he faces forces he cannot control...

Home Secretary resigned in support for the citizens' revolt against mad dictator Gaddafi, all the East of Libya is in control of the people...

...more in France 24 - Al Jazeera - The Independent - Le Monde - Libération - Die Spiegel - La Repubblica - MSNBC - El Mundo - Publico - Libertad Digital - ABC - Continous updates in LIVE BLOG
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Cruel. Vainglorious. Steeped in blood. And now, surely, after more than four decades of terror and oppression, on his way out?
Robert Fisk on Muammar Gaddafi, tyrant of Tripoli

So even the old, paranoid, crazed fox of Libya – the pallid, infantile, droop-cheeked dictator from Sirte, owner of his own female praetorian guard, author of the preposterous Green Book, who once announced he would ride to a Non-Aligned Movement summit in Belgrade on his white charger – is going to ground. Or gone. Last night, the man I first saw more than three decades ago, solemnly saluting a phalanx of black-uniformed frogmen as they flappered their way across the sulphur-hot tarmac of Green Square on a torrid night in Tripoli during a seven-hour military parade, appeared to be on the run at last, pursued – like the dictators of Tunis and Cairo – by his own furious people.
The YouTube and Facebook pictures told the story with a grainy, fuzzed reality, fantasy turned to fire and burning police stations in Benghazi and Tripoli, to corpses and angry, armed men, of a woman with a pistol leaning from a car door, of a crowd of students – were they readers of his literature? – breaking down a concrete replica of his ghastly book. Gunfire and flames and cellphone screams; quite an epitaph for a regime we all, from time to time, supported.
And here, just to lock our minds on to the brain of truly eccentric desire, is a true story. Only a few days ago, as Colonel Muammar Gaddafi faced the wrath of his own people, he met with an old Arab acquaintance and spent 20 minutes out of four hours asking him if he knew of a good surgeon to lift his face. This is – need I say it about this man? – a true story. The old boy looked bad, sagging face, bloated, simply "magnoon" (mad), a comedy actor who had turned to serious tragedy in his last days, desperate for the last make-up lady, the final knock on the theatre door....

«Le régime de Kadhafi va tomber»
El ministro del Interior retira su apoyo a Gadafi y pide al Ejército que se una a los manifestantes.
Madness speech
Ready for civil war?

Legal firm that employs Nick Clegg's wife advised Gaddafi regime.

Gaddafi's hold on Libya weakens.

Mad dictator appears on state TV briefly to signal defiance in the face of mounting revolt against his 41-year rule.
Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi has appeared on state television to signal his defiance in the face of a mounting revolt against his 41-year rule.
"I am in Tripoli and not in Venezuela. Do not believe the channels belonging to stray dogs," Gaddafi told Libyan state TV, which said he was speaking outside his house on Tuesday.

On Monday, William Hague, the British foreign minister, had suggested that Gaddafi had fled to Venezuela, a report that the government of that country denied.
Gaddafi, in his first televised appearance since protests to topple him began last week, was holding an umbrella in the rain and leaning out of a van.
"I wanted to say something to the youths at the Green Square (in Tripoli) and stay up late with them but it started raining. Thank God, it's a good thing," Gaddafi said in a 22-second appearance.
State TV reported earlier that pro-government demonstrations were taking place in Green Square in the capital.
Libyan forces loyal to Gaddafi have fought an increasingly bloody battle to keep the veteran leader in power with residents reporting gunfire in parts of the capital Tripoli and one political activist saying warplanes had bombed the city.
Scores of people have been reported killed in continuing violence in Tripoli amid escalating protests across the north African nation.
"In a sense this is a pariah regime that will not have any chance of governing anymore and the international community could come to terms on whether this is a genocide and whether there should be international intervention to protect the Libyan people from the militias of the regime," said Marwan Bishara, Al Jazeera's senior political analyst.

...more in Al Jazeera - The Guardian - The Independent - El Mundo - France 24 - BBC
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Libyan pilots and diplomats defect: Group of army officers have also issued a statement urging fellow soldiers to "join the people" and help remove Gaddafi.

La memoria de los traicionados:
Todo dictador se enfrenta en algún momento a la encrucijada entre abandonar el poder o tratar de mantenerlo disparando contra su propio pueblo. El Ejército renunció a hacerlo en Egipto, pero los líderes del mal llamado mundo desarrollado parecen sorprendidos de ver a Gadafi escogiendo la segunda opción.
"Con lo simpático que parecía cuando vino a vernos", debe estar diciéndose José Luis Rodriguez Zapatero al recordar la visita oficial del tirano a España en 2007, justificada en los beneficios económicos que iba a reportar a nuestras empresas.
No se trata de criticar al actual Gobierno español. El anterior agasajó al dictador libio con la misma falta de pudor y por las mismas razones inmorales. Uno y otro solo hacían de aprendices de ese gran cáncer de la política internacional llamado realpolitik. El término ha degenerado desde los tiempos de la Guerra Fría hasta convertirse en el espejo de las contradicciones, prebendas y miserias de una Unión Europea sin peso diplomático y unos EEUU desesperados por no perder el que les queda.
El resultado es el mismo: cuando soplan vientos de libertad, o un huracán como el que vive Oriente Medio, Occidente se posiciona una vez más en el lado equivocado de la historia. ¿Puede haber mayor contradicción entre el coraje de esos manifestantes que se enfrentan a la tiranía desarmados y la cobardía de nuestros políticos? ¿Entre el sacrificio de unos y la retórica vacía de los otros? the article by David Jiménez in El Mundo

Citizens' revolt spreads and intensifies all over the country.
Security forces open fire from aircrafts (it seems mafioso Berlusconi is helping mad Gaddafi) on anti-government demonstrators in Tripoli, as protests escalate across the country.

Dozens have been reported dead after more violence hit the Libyan capital as angry protests against embattled leader Muammar Gaddafi's 40-year rule escalate across the country.

At least 61 people were killed in clashes in Tripoli on Monday, witnesses told Al Jazeera. The protests appeared to be gathering momentum, with demonstrators saying they had taken control of several key towns in the country, including the city of Benghazi.
Another huge march under way in Tripoli on Monday afternoon was reportedly under attack by security forces using military planes and live ammunition to fire on protesters, sources told Al Jazeera.

Ahmed Elgazir, a human rights researcher at the Libyan News Centre (LNC) also told Al Jazeera that security forces were "massacring" protesters in Tripoli.
Elgazir said the LNC, based in Geneva, Switzerland, received a call for help from a woman "witnessing the massacre in progress who called on a satellite phone".
Libyan authorities have cut all landline and wireless communication in the country, making it impossible to verify the information.
Meanwhile, the Reuters news agency reported British foreign secretary, William Hague, saying he had seen some information to suggest president Gaddafi had fled Libya on Monday.
However, government officials in Venezuela have denied these reports, Al Jazeera's Dima Khatib reported from Caracas.

...more in Al Jazeera - Publico - The Guardian - MSNBC - Telegraph - El Mundo - El Pais - France 24 - Le Figaro - The Independent - La Repubblica - Die Spiegel - Times of Malta
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El dictador que se esconde tras el fantoche.
Libyan justice minister resigns in protest at violence and also the ambassador of Libya in India and a top official from the governement in protest for the massacre against Libyans by dictator Gaddafi
El Ejército libio bombardea a los manifestantes
Colonel Gaddafi 'flees' to Venezuela as cities fall to protesters
High ranked military officers disobeyed orders to bombard the protesters and fled with their aircraft to Malta where they are asking asylum.

From a mad father a mad son who wants to become the next dictator

Appearing on Libyan state television, Seif al-Islam Gaddafi says his father is in the country and has support of army.
...Marwan Bishara, Al Jazeera's senior analyst, termed Seif al-Islam's speech as "desperate".
"It sounded like a desperate speech by a desperate son of a dictator who's trying to use blackmail on the Libyan people by threatening that he could turn the country into a bloodbath.
"That is very dangerous coming from someone who doesn't even hold an official role in Libya - so in so many ways, this could be the beginning of a nightmare scenario for Libya if a despotic leader puts his son on air in order to warn his people of a bloodbath if they don't listen to the orders or the dictates of a dictators."

"It's also fascinating how he threatened the West with chaos in Libya and then threatened Libyans with Western intervention, because as he put it, that would turn Libya into a decentralised country allowing various Islamist groups to take over which the West would not allow," Marwan Bishara said.
The younger Gaddafi offered to put forward reforms within days that he described as a "historic national initiative" and said the regime was willing to remove some restrictions and begin discussions for a constitution. He offered to change a number of laws, including those covering the media and the penal code.

...more in Al Jazeera - CNN - The Guardian - The Independent - Democracy Now! - El Mundo - France 24 - Le Monde - La Repubblica - Die Spiegel - Libertad Digital - Publico - Republica - MSNBC / Continous updates in LIVE BLOG

Read also:
Libyans are tired of living in fear – tired of corruption.

'Many killed' in Libya's Benghazi.
Some 200 mourners reportedly killed and thousands injured as anti-government protests continue unabated.

Libyan security forces have reportedly opened fire at a funeral in the eastern city of Benghazi, killing around 200 people and injuring at least 800 more as protests against Muammar Gaddafi, the country's long-time ruler, continued.
The victims on Saturday were mourning the loss of protesters who had been killed during anti-government demonstrations in the city during the past week, witnesses said, bringing the death toll to more than 100 in six days of unrest, according to opposition groups.
Dr. Mariam, speaking from a hospital in Benghazi, told Al Jazeera that, "It's a massacre here. The military is shooting at all the protesters with live bullets, I've seen it happen with my own eyes. The military forces are everywhere, even from the hospital I work, we are not safe. There was an 8-year-old boy who died the other day from a gunshot to the head - what did he do to deserve this?"
Ahmed, a Benghazi resident, said: "Right now, the situation is even worse than earlier today. Shooting is going until now. And at a nearby hospital, at least 150 people have been admitted, those injured and dead. As far as [reports of] African mercenaries being seen in Benghazi, I have not seen any, but the military is all over the place."
Another doctor from Benghazi told us earlier the Al Jalah hospital where he works had received 15 bodies and was treating numerous people following the shootings at the funeral.
He said the hospital had counted 44 deaths in total in three days, adding that it was struggling to treat the wounded.
"This is not a well-equipped hospital and these injuries come in waves. All are very serious injuries, involving the head, the chest and the abdomen. They are bullet injuries from high-velocity rifles.
"All are civilians aged from 13 to 35, no police or military injuries," he said, adding that there was no way the wounds could have come from anyone other than security forces.
"Absolutely a shoot-to-kill policy," he said.

...The whole city is erupting. People went out to protest peacefully. They want an end to this oppression. The death toll is much higher than reported. There are more than 200 dead. My cousin, a doctor at a main hospital, has seen the bodies. There are more than 1,000 injured."
He said people in Benghazi were desperate. "We need an end to this oppression. It's been 41 years. We've been dreaming of this day. If we go back, the whole area will be wiped out. We know how crazy he is. If we step down, we will be taken out."
The Libyan regime has suppressed the internet. Technical experts reported that 13 globally routed links were withdrawn late on Friday. Foreign journalists are prevented from entering Libya and local reporters are barred from travelling to Benghazi. Al-Jazeera said its signal was being jammed on several frequencies. The state-run media defended the regime. The Al-Zahf Alakhdar (Green March) newspaper published an editorial entitled: "No leader except Gaddafi!" Elsewhere, the country appeared calm. A government-run newspaper blamed the protests on Zionism and the "traitors of the West". Officials said foreign media had exaggerated the violence.
...more in Al Jazeera - El País - BBC - The Independent - El Mundo - La Repubblica - RTE - Publico - MSNBC - France 24 / Continous updates in LIVE BLOG
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Gaddafi fights for his future as up to 200 citizens murdered in Benghazi by his brutal arm forces: Regime accused of hiring foreign mercenaries as clashes between supporters and pro-democracy demonstrators in the country's second city escalate...
Mouammar Kadhafi, dirigeant fantasque et politicien avisé
Les dignitaires musulmans appellent à mettre un terme au "massacre" à Benghazi
International alarm mounts over Libya crackdown
Britain's alliance with Libya turns sour as Gaddafi cracks down
Gadafi contrata mercenarios extranjeros para sofocar las protestas
La brutal respuesta de los militares ha hecho que alrededor de 50 líderes religiosos pidan a los soldados que dejen dematar a sus conciudadanos.

Libyan protesters risk 'suicide' by army hands.
Gaddafi confronts the most serious challenge to his 42-year rule by unleashing army on unarmed demonstrators.

Colonel Muammar Gaddafi is confronting the most serious challenge to his 42-year rule as leader of Libya by unleashing his army on unarmed protesters.
Unlike the rulers of neighbouring Egypt, Gaddafi has refused to countenance the politics of disobedience, despite growing international condemnation, and the death toll of demonstrators nearing 100.
The pro-government Al-Zahf al-Akhdar newspaper warned that the government would "violently and thunderously respond" to the protests, and said those opposing the regime risked "suicide".
William Hague, the UK's foreign secretary, condemned the violence as "unacceptable and horrifying", even as the Libyan regime's special forces, backed by African mercenaries, launched a dawn attack on a protest camp in the eastern Libyan city of Benghazi.
Britain is scrambling to extricate itself from its recently cosy relationship with Gaddafi, initiated by then prime minister Tony Blair in 2004. That rapprochement saw Libya open its doors to British oil companies in exchange for becoming a new ally in the "war on terror" while Britain sold Gaddafi arms.
...more in The Guardian

Protests death toll rises in Libya.
Doctor tells Al Jazeera that at least 70 people were killed during rallies calling for the ouster of long time leader.

Security forces in Libya have killed at least 70 pro-democracy protesters in the country's second-largest city as demonstrations demanding the ouster of Col. Moammar Gaddafi, the long time ruler, increase across the country.
A doctor in Benghazi told Al Jazeera that he saw the bodies at the main hospital on Friday in one of the harshest crackdowns against peaceful protesters thus far.
"I have seen it on my own eyes: At least 70 bodies at the hospital," said Wuwufaq al-Zuwail, a physician. He added that security forces also prevented ambulances to reach the site of the protests on Friday.
The Libyan government has also blocked Al Jazeera TV signal in the country. And people have also reported that the network's website is inaccessible from there.
Marchers mourning dead protesters in Libya's second-largest city have reportedly come under fire from security forces, as protests in the oil-exporting North African nation entered their fifth day.
Mohamed el-Berqawy, an engineer in Benghazi, told Al Jazeera that the city was the scene of a "massacre," and that four demonstrators had been killed on Friday.
"Where is the United Nations ... where is (US president Barack) Obama, where is the rest of the world, people are dying on the streets," he said. "We are ready to die for our country."
Verifying news from Libya has been difficult since protests began, thanks to restrictions on journalists entering the country, as well as internet and mobile phone black outs imposed by the government. But Human Rights Watch has reported that at least 24 protesters have been killed so far, and sources on the ground have said that number could be as high as 70.
Tens of thousands of anti-government protesters seeking to oust Gaddafi took to the streets across Libya on Thursday in what organisers called a "day of rage" modelled after similar protests in Tunisia and Egypt that ousted longtime leaders there. Gaddafi has ruled Libya since 1969.

...more in Al Jazeera - The Guardian - The Independent - MSNBC - El Mundo - El País - Público - La Repubblica - Die Spiegel - BBC - Telegraph / Continous updates in LIVE BLOG / Human Rights Watch - Amnesty International / The web of Omar Turbi
Read also:
'Terror and bribery are blunt tools now' Author Hisham Matar pleads with Muammar Gaddafi to hold his troops back.

Britain's alliance with Libya turns sour as Gaddafi cracks down: Tony Blair's handshake with Muammar Gaddafi in 2004 began an uneasy relationship that now presents difficult questions...

Deadly 'day of rage' in Libya.
Reports of more than a dozen deaths as protesters heed calls for mass protests against government, despite a crackdown.

Libyan protesters seeking to oust longtime leader Muammar Gaddafi have defied a crackdown and taken to the streets on what activists have dubbed a "day of rage".
There are reports that more than a dozen demonstrators have been killed in clashes with pro-government groups.
Opponents of Gaddafi, communicating anonymously online or working in exile, urged people to protest on Thursday to try to emulate popular uprisings which unseated long-serving rulers in neighbouring Tunisia and Egypt.
Abdullah, an eyewitness in the country's second largest city of Benghazi, who spoke to Al Jazeera, said that he saw six unarmed protesters shot dead by police on Thursday.
He also said that the government had released 30 people from jail, paying and arming them to fight people in the street.
Opposition website Libya Al-Youm said four protesters were killed by snipers from the Internal Security Forces in the eastern city of al-Baida, which had protests on Wednesday and Thursday, AP news agency reported.
“Libya is a free country, and people, they can say, can show their ideas, and the main thing is that it has to be in the frame of the law and it has to be peaceful, and that’s it, ” Libyan ambassador to the US, Ali Suleiman Aujali, told Al Jazeera on Thursday.
Sites monitored in Cyprus, and a Libyan human rights group based abroad, reported earlier that the protests in al-Baida had cost as many as 13 lives.
When asked about the people who had allegedly been killed, Aujali told Al Jazeera “I’m really very busy here ... and I have some
delegations, and I don’t have time to follow up with every piece of news.”
“I am confident that Libya will handle this issue with great respect for the people,” he said.

...more in Al Jazeera - The Guardian - The Independent - BBC / Continous updates in LIVE BLOG

'Day of rage' planned in Libya.
Online activists have called for countrywide protests on Thursday, seeking an end to Muammar Gaddafi's long rule.

Protesters in Libya are set to take to the streets for a "day of rage," inspired by uprisings in Egypt and Tunisia.
Libya has been tightly controlled for over 40 years by Muammar Gaddafi, who is now Africa's longest-serving leader. And rights groups warned of a possible crackdown by security forces on Thursday's planned protests.
Thursday is the anniversary of clashes that took place on February 17, 2006, in the country's second largest city of Benghazi when security forces killed several protesters who were attacking the city's Italian consulate.
At least two people were killed in clashes between Libyan security forces and demonstrators on Wednesday, in the town of al-Baida, east of Benghazi.
The victims' names were: Khaled ElNaji Khanfar and Ahmad Shoushaniya.
...Wednesday's deaths come as hundreds of protesters reportedly torched police outposts while chanting: "People want the end of the regime."
At least 38 people were also injured in the clashes, including 10 security officials.
"All the people of Baida are out on the streets," a 25-year-old Rabie al-Messrati, who said he had been arrested after spreading a call for protests on Facebook, said.
Violent protests were also reported earlier in the day in Benghazi.
In a telephone interview with Al Jazeera, Idris Al-Mesmari, a Libyan novelist and writer, said that security officials in civilian clothes came and dispersed protesters in Benghazi using tear gas, batons and hot water.
Al-Mesmari was arrested hours after the interview.
...more in Al Jazeera - BBC - MSNBC - The Guardian - The Independent - France 24 - El Mundo / Continous updates in Live Blog

Two demonstrators demanding the ouster of long time ruler, Col. Muammar Gaddafi, have been killed in clashes with police.

At least two people have been killed in clashes between Libyan security forces and demonstrators in the town of Bayda, east of Benghazi, the second largest city, as activists plan major anti-government protests throughout the country on Thursday.
The victims' names were: Khaled ElNaji Khanfar and Ahmad Shoushaniya.
Wednesday's deaths come as hundreds of protesters have reportedly torched police outposts in the eastern city of Beyida, while chanting: "People want the end of the regime."
At least 38 people were also injured in the clashes, including ten security officials.
"All the people of Beyida are out on the streets," said 25-year-old Rabie al-Messrati, who said he had been arrested after spreading a call for protests on Facebook.

Inspired by popular and successful uprisings in neighbouring Tunisia and Egypt, Libyan protesters are seeking an end to Colonel Muammar Gaddafi's 41-year-old rule, one of the longest and most repressive leaders in the world.
Online calls of dissent have been growing rapidly over the past few days, with Facebook groups calling for "Uprising on February 17" doubling in popularity.
In the southern city of Zentan, 120km south of the capital Tripoli, hundreds of people marched through the streets and set fire to security headquarters and a police station, then set up tents in the heart of the town, as a wave of unrest spread south and westwards across the country.
Chants including "No God but Allah, Muammar is the enemy of Allah," can be heard on videos of demonstrations uploaded to YouTube. Independent confirmation was not possible as Gaddafi's government keeps tight control over the movements of media personnel.
With internet access severely limited, protesters have taken to Twitter to spread details on how to bypass government clampdowns. Social media sites, which became the tools of choice across the Middle East, were reportedly blocked for several hours through the afternoon, but access was restored in the evening.
Al Jazeera is understood to have been taken off the state-owned cable TV network, but is still reportedly available on satellite networks.

...more in Al Jazeera - The Guardian - The Independent - BBC - France 24 - El Mundo - La Repubblica

Time in Tripoli -

"Como la esclavitud y el apartheid, la pobreza no es natural. Es un producto del hombre y puede ser solucionada y erradicada por las acciones de seres humanos"
"Tú libertad y la mía no pueden separarse"
Nelson Mandela

“Philosophy is the stray camel of the Faithful, take hold of it wherever ye come across it.”
“Seek knowledge from the cradle to the grave.”
“'What is Islam?' someone asked. Muhammad said, 'Purity of speech and charity.'”
Prophet Muhammad

News : Africa :: LIBYA


Arab Awakening - Libya: Through the fire

...more in The Arab awakening in Al Jazeera


British Petroleum got Libyan oil deal for the Lockerbie Pan Am Flight 103 bomber's release

...more in The Guardian - The Arabic Network for Human Rigths Information


Talk to Jazeera - Muammar Gaddafi - 25 Sep 09

Muammar Gaddafi, the Libyan leader, addressed the United Nations General Assembly in New York earlier this week. His 96-minute speech, which broke the alloted 15-minute protocol, marked the first time he addressed the international body since leading a coup in 1969 which ended rule by monarchy in Libya and brought him to power. In an interview with Al Jazeera's Ghida Fakhry, Gaddafi repeated his belief that a two-state solution is not a feasible approach to resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and bringing peace in the Middle East.


Despite being his global rehabilitation, Libyans continue to face torture if they criticise Gaddafi's government. A case of drilling rights not human rights?

For democracy well-wishers, 2004 in Libya was a fairly good year. After decades of stifling oppression, with public executions and missing prisoners, the country saw cracks of light. The great leader of the revolution, Muammar al-Gaddafi, who holds no official position of power, divided the ministry of interior and justice into separate bodies.
The government talked of reforming the penal code and minimizing application of the death penalty. And in January 2005 the government abolished the notorious People’s Court, renowned for unfair political trials, and began to release some political prisoners. The changes were small but, in the Libyan context, a significant sign of hope.
In May 2005 I visited Libya for Human Rights Watch, our first-ever trip to the country known as the Jamahariya – state of the masses. I was surprised to see that, despite the pervasive control and palpable fear, officials, students and professionals engaged in debates on reform. Those closest to power felt the most comfortable to talk, and they mostly discussed how to improve the system rather than how to see it change. But they still reflected critically about their long-isolated country, eager to reestablish international ties.
Two-and-a-half years later, that criticism and the optimism it engendered are much harder to find. The People’s Court is gone but a new State Security Appeals Court took its place, holding sessions inside a prison of the Internal Security Agency. The country still has no free press and no independent organisations. Libyans continue to face arrest and torture for expressing peaceful criticism of the government and its undisputed leader, and in the past 18 months, three of those people have disappeared.
...more in The New Statesman / Sijill International Condemnation of the Gaddafi Dictatorship / US Department of State


El hijo del presidente de Libia admite que las enfermeras búlgaras y el médico palestino fueron torturados: Seif el Islam Kadafi dijo que recibieron descargas eléctricas, en una entrevista emitida por la cadena Al Jazeera. Además agregó que las investigaciones "no se llevaron de manera profesional ni científica" y que la Policía "jugó con el caso desde el principio". Las declaraciones se producen dos semanas después de que los extranjeros, condenados a perpetuidad en Libia, sean liberados tras una gestión de Francia. Las cinco enfermeras búlgaras y el médico de origen palestino que confesaron que infectaron a cientos de niños con VIH lo hicieron bajo torturas, dijo en una entrevista a Al Jazeera Saif al islam, el hijo de Muammar Kadafi. "Fueron torturados con electricidad. Hubo también amenazas de venganza contra sus familias", dijo Saif al Islam. Además, sostuvo que el contagio de los más de 400 niños en un hospital fue un terrible desastre que ocurrió por negligencia y no fue deliberado. "La policía libia jugó con el caso desde el principio y las investigaciones no se llevaron de manera profesional ni científica", añadió Seif el Islam. ...más en diarios Clarín - El País - - El Mundo

Libia anuncia que ha comprado misiles europeos por 168 millones: Es la primera venta europea de material bélico desde que se levantó el embargo. En plena polémica por las contrapartidas que Libia dice haber obtenido a cambio de la liberación de las cinco enfermeras búlgaras y el médico palestino, el Gobierno de Trípoli anunció ayer la firma de un contrato de armamento con una filial del consorcio europeo EADS. Este acuerdo implica la compra de misiles anticarro Milan por valor de 168 millones de euros, según declaró un alto funcionario libio a la agencia France Presse. La información no ha sido desmentida por el Gobierno francés. En una entrevista publicada el miércoles por el diario Le Monde, Saif al Islam, hijo de Muammar el Gaddafi, reconoció que las enfermeras y el médico eran inocentes y habían sido "chivos expiatorios" para obtener revindicaciones de su país, aseguraba que la parte fundamental de ese acuerdo era la compra de misiles Milan franceses, informa Octavi Martí desde París. Según las declaraciones del hijo del coronel, pieza clave en las negociaciones sobre las enfermeras búlgaras, Francia construiría también en Libia una fábrica de armas para la producción y mantenimiento de los misiles. Al ser interrogado sobre esas presuntas contrapartidas militares, Sarkozy fue tajante: "No las hay", dijo. El ministro Kouchner insistió en que no ha habido "contrapartidas". Sin embargo, admitió: "Puede que existan negociaciones comerciales en curso desde hace años, tanto civiles, de armamento o de cualquier otro dominio". La oposición socialista se ha apresurado a exigir "transparencia" al Gobierno. Por otra parte, Le Monde revela también que las enfermeras y el médico fueron obligados a firmar un documento por el que renuncian a perseguir ante la justicia a los miembros de las fuerzas de seguridad que les torturaron mientras estaban en la cárcel en Libia.
...más en diario El País

Sarkozy y el ejecutivo UE logran liberar las enfermeras y el médico torturados en el infierno del dictador Kadafi: Dos enfermeras búlgaras y el médico palestino relatan al llegar a Sofía el horror de sus ocho años de cautiverio en Libia . ..."No podemos olvidar lo que hemos pasado, pero ya hemos perdonado", afirmó Nasia Nenova, que junto con Kristiana Valcheva y el médico de origen palestino Ashraf Alhajouj fueron los únicos lo suficientemente enteros como para enfrentarse ayer a los periodistas en una caótica rueda de prensa en Sofía. "Hemos vuelto del infierno al paraíso pero aún no hemos saboreado la libertad", dijo Valcheva. ..."En el mundo árabe no hay derechos humanos", subrayó Alhajouj, para destacar que el horror padecido le podría haber pasado en cualquier otro país árabe porque detrás de lo sucedido está "la corrupción que pudre Libia y otros muchos países". "Yo siempre consideré a Libia mi país", dijo. El médico llegó a Trípoli cuando tenía dos años. "Si [Libia y los familiares de los niños] buscan la verdad del contagio del sida, tendrán que buscar fuera de nosotros porque somos todos inocentes", insistió. El médico, de 37 años, acudió acompañado de sus padres, que actualmente residen en Holanda y que no podían contener la emoción de verle con vida. "Agradezco a todo el mundo la liberación de las enfermeras y de mi hijo", dijo la madre en árabe, mientras Ashraf la tomaba por los hombros y traducía al inglés sus palabras. ...más en diarios El País - Perfil

Vea los documentales sobre las corrupción de Gaddafi y las falsas acusaciones contra las enfermeras y el médico, en realidad secuestrados para usarlos como presión para negociar con la UE

François Mitterrand, Bettino Craxi -de la fascista Loggia P2- y Felipe González salvaron la vida del coronel Gadafi

Los 3 "socialistas" y fascistas, negaron a la armada aérea de EE.UU. el derecho a utilizar los espacios aéreos de Francia, España e Italia, cuando Ronald Reagan decidió lanzar una implacable operación de castigo, entorpecida expresamente por los gobiernos de Francia, Italia y España, que filtraron al dirigente libio las intenciones del presidente norteamericano.
Lea también:
Gadafi y su amigo Felipe González en Mallorca
Gadafi ‘negoció’ su exilio en la Costa del Sol

Mali - African Music Legends - Salif Keita

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